Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF
Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF is a fund-raising program for children sponsored by the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). Started on Halloween 19501 as a local event in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, the program historically involves the distribution of small orange boxes by schools to trick-or-treaters, in which they can solicit small change donations from the houses they visit.234 Millions of children in the United States, Canada, Ireland, Mexico, and Hong Kong participate in Halloween-related fund-raising events for Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF, and the program has raised over US $188 million worldwide.5
Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF was invented by Mary Emma Allison, the wife of Presbyterian minister Clyde Allison.6 In 1949, the Allisons were living in Bridesburg, a neighborhood in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.7 When Mrs.Allison saw a UNICEF booth collecting funds to send powdered milk to undernourished children around the world, she thought of getting children to collect donations for UNICEF instead of candy. Rev. Clyde Allison introduced the concept to local Presbyterian churches. On Halloween 1950, the Allisons recruited their own children and their community's to go door-to-door collecting nickels and dimes in decorated milk cartons to aid children in post-World War II Europe.568 They collected a total of $17 and donated all of it to UNICEF.
In 1953, the United States Committee for UNICEF started actively promoting the program.7 By the 1960s, the concept had expanded throughout the United States, with small orange collection boxes distributed to millions of trick-or-treaters.9 When UNICEF won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1965, U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson said in his congratulatory letter: "Your UNICEF Trick or Treat Day has helped turn a holiday too often marred by youthful vandalism into a program of basic training in world citizenship."10 In 1967, Johnson declared Halloween, October 31, to be 'UNICEF Day' in the United States; by 1969, 3.5 million American children were trick-or-treating for donations.9 Children (and adults) in the U.S. have collected over US $144 million for Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF.5 In 2008, the U.S. Committee for UNICEF introduced mobile phone text message donations as well as a MySpace and Facebook page.11
The program has also expanded outside of the United States. Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF in Canada, which started in 1955, has raised more than CAN $96 million.12 A Canadian proclamation declared October 31 of each year 'National UNICEF Day' in 2000.13 In 2006, UNICEF Canada discontinued the collection box part of their program, citing safety and administrative concerns.4 However, the program in Canada continues, with the 2008 program featuring events including pumpkin-carving contests, pumpkin art tours, and reading marathons.12 Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF in Hong Kong was launched in 2001, and has raised more than HK $6 million.14
More recently, Trick-Or-Treat for UNICEF has partnered with Coinstar to donate their change in the Coinstar machine to UNICEF.
- "The history of trick-or-treat for UNICEF". Retrieved 31 October 2012.
- Byroads, Marjorie (1970-10-20). "A little child shall lead them (trick or treat for UNICEF)". The Bryan Times. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
- Winerip, Michael (1993-10-31). "At Halloween, Unicef Faces Declining Collections in U.S.". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
- "UNICEF to end Halloween 'orange box' program". CTV (Canada). 2006-05-31. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
- "Support UNICEF". UNICEF. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
- Smylie, James H. (2001-01-01). "Presbyterians initiated UNICEF's 'Trick-or-Treat' program 50 years ago". The Presbyterian Outlook. Retrieved 2009-10-23.
- UNICEF (March 1997). "AMERICA’S PARTNERSHIP WITH UNICEF: A report to the United States on the impact of its contribution to UNICEF from 1985 to 1995" (PDF). UNICEF. Retrieved 2009-10-23.
- Li, Kun (2006-10-25). "Goodwill Ambassador Sarah Jessica Parker helps launch ‘Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF’". UNICEF. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
- Rusk, Howard A. (1969-10-2). "19th Year for UNICEF; 3.5 Million Children 'Trick or Treat' On Friday to Aid Young of World". The New York Times.
- Kastenmeier, Robert (1966-03-07). "UNICEF and the 1965 Nobel Peace Prize" (PDF). United States of America Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the 89th Congress, Second Session. Records and Archives Management staff of UNICEF's Information Management Unit. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
- Maul, Kimberly (2008-10-16). "Trick-or-Treat hits Internet". PRWeek. Retrieved 2009-10-23.
- "Children and schools gear up for Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF events" (PDF). UNICEF Canada. 2008-10-01. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
- Government of Canada (2009-07-27). "Proclamation Declaring October 31st of each year to be "National UNICEF Day"". Canadian Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
- "Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF 2009". Hong Kong Committee for UNICEF. 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-17.